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1882

Wagner completed his opera Parsifal

13 January 1882

Richard Wagner completed his opera Parsifal, 25 years after first conceiving the idea. Parsifal is based on the 13th century epic poem about the Arthurian knight Parzival or Percival and his quest for the Holy Grail. It was premiered in July of that year at the Bayreuth Festspielhaus.

    Vorspiel (Prelude)

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    He! Ho! Waldhüter ihr

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    Seht dort, die wilde Reiterin

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1880

Mussorgsky was sacked

13 January 1880

Russian Romantic composer Modest Mussorgsky was dismissed from his government job due to problems arising from his alcoholism. His friends tried to help him, offering him financial support on the condition of fulfilling his musical commissions, such as Khovanshchina. This was around the time that the Russian realist painter Ilya Repin was working on his famous red-nosed portrait of Mussorgsky looking dishevelled. It would prove to be the last year of Mussorgsky's life.

    Promenade

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    Gnomus

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    Promenade

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1555

Palestrina was hired at the Sistine Chapel

13 January 1555

Giovanni Perluigi da Palestrina, one of the most important vocal composers of Renaissance Italy was hired at the Sistine Chapel, an unusual decision, since Palestrina was married. This was typically a position given to a member of the clergy, but Palestrina was held in such high regard by Pope Julius III since the publication of his Masses to the Pontiff that this rule was overlooked. Unfortunately, the celibacy rule was reinstated and within the year, Palestrina and two other married musicians were forced to leave.

    No. 4, Tractus. Sicut cervus desiderat

    No. 1. Pagodes

    Sicut cervus

    No. 2. La soirée dans Grenade (Evening in Granada)

    Psalm 42 "E'en like the Hunted Hind"

    No. 3. Jardins sous la pluie (Gardens in the Rain)