Anton Stadler was born in Bruck an der Leitha, Austria. He became a close friend of Mozart, and a catalyst for championing new challenging repertoire for the clarinet. Mozart wrote the Clarinet Concerto for Stadler in 1791. The clarinet was still undergoing rapid evolution, and Stadler played it in its original form on a basset horn in G, which reached lower than the range of the more usual clarinets in B flat or A.
III. Rondo: Allegro
Hungarian violinist Joseph Joachim was born in Kitsee. Still in childhood, Joachim began studying with Mendelssohn in Leipzig, where he gave his début performance. He performed Beethoven's Violin Concerto in London aged 12, with Mendelssohn conducting. Joachim was a friend and collaborator of Brahms . In fact, it was thanks to Joachim that Brahms first met Robert and Clara Schumann. In 1860 Brahms and Joachim co-wrote a manifesto against the "progressive" music of the 'New German' School. Joachim was also a friend of Max Bruch , to whom he gave advice on writing for violin. Bruch signed the violin concerto manuscript: "Joseph Joachim in Verehrung zugeeignet. The word Verehrung (respect) is crossed out and replaced with Freundschaft (friendship)."
I. Allegro molto appassionato
I. Allegro moderato
Chanson-poème in E Minor (Live)
English composer Edward Elgar was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Yale University, aged 47. It was after the international successes of his Enigma Variations and The Dream of Gerontius that Elgar began to be offered opportunities in the USA. At the ceremony, some of Elgar's music was performed by the New Haven Symphony Orchestra, including his Pomp and Circumstance March no 1 which has since been adopted as a graduation anthem in many North American schools and universities.
Variation 1: C. A. E. (The Composer's Wife) —
Variation 2: H. D. S-P. (Hew David Steuart-Powell) —
French composer Antoine Forqueray died in Mantes-la-Jolie, France, after a long career at Versailles. Two years after his death, his son Jean-Baptiste published a large set of his works for viola da gamba. His brother Michel and his sons Jean-Baptiste and Nicolas Gilles were also composers.