Johann Strauss II was an Austrian composer, violinist and conductor most celebrated for his waltzes and operettas. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles. He was known as “The Waltz King” and was largely responsible for the popularity of the waltz in 19th century Vienna.
Johann Strauss II came from a family of musicians and composers. He was the son of the composer Johann Strauss I and was known as Johann the Younger, Strauss Son and Johann II. His brothers Josef and Eduard also composed light music.
Strauss was born near Vienna in 1825. Strauss’s father wanted him to become a banker and heavily dissuaded him to even try learning the violin. It was not until Johann Strauss I left the family for his mistress that the young Strauss began a fruitful musical way of life. He studied violin harmony and counterpoint and soon developed as a skilled musician.